The solar flares were discovered by Richard Carrington in 1859. These torches are sporadic explosions of the local chromosphere. They develop abruptly within minutes and cover a relatively small area of the sun’s surface. At first they appear as sudden local light traces. The duration of solar flares ranges from about 20 minutes to 3 hours. Most sun flares occur in active areas around sunspots. Magnetic fields pass through the photosphere and connect with the corona. By releasing the magnetic energy in the corona, a great explosion power is obtained. In conclusion, solar flares are extremely strong. Therefore, they can cause large coronal eruptions. Solar flares can affect the Earth’s ionosphere and interfere with a wide range of radio communications. The frequency of sunlight varies.
They are rarely seen
They are rarely seen in the visible part of the spectrum, we can see them in extreme UV radiation and with X-rays. The strongest solar flare was seen in 1859, when it was first registered. When we think about these phenomena, we know that this is a very big event. The impact of solar flares is great on the weather forecast on Earth. They have an impact on the Earth’s magnetosphere. Therefore, they can dangerously affect spacecraft and crew. Scientists around the world are trying to predict solar flares, but it is very difficult to predict. There are no signs of when it will appear, and they are always surprising occurrences.